February 16, 2023 | 3 min read

Data Tables: Best Practices for Displaying and Interacting with Tabular Information

Gopakumar TV

Director – UX & Creatives


Data tables are a crucial component of many software applications, enabling users to access and interact with large amounts of information. From financial reports to inventory management, data tables provide an efficient and organized way to display and manipulate data. However, designing effective data tables can be a challenging task, as there are many considerations to take into account.

In this article, we will discuss best practices for designing and using data tables, based on research and guidelines from usability experts. We will cover topics such as table structure, sorting and filtering, pagination, and accessibility.

Table Structure

The structure of a data table should be designed to make it easy for users to understand and navigate the information. The following are some best practices for table structure:

1. Clearly define the table's purpose and content.

Make sure that users know what information the table is presenting, and what they can do with it. Use clear and concise headings for each column, and provide helpful descriptions or tooltips for any abbreviations or technical terms.

2. Use consistent formatting.

Use consistent fonts, colors, and alignment throughout the table to make it visually appealing and easy to read. Make sure that the font size is large enough to be readable, and that the contrast between the text and background is sufficient.

3. Provide visual cues for data relationships.

Use formatting or visual cues to help users understand the relationships between data elements, such as grouping related items together or using color coding to highlight important values.

Sorting and Filtering

Sorting and filtering are essential tools for allowing users to find and analyze the data they need. The following are some best practices for sorting and filtering in data tables:

1. Provide clear options for sorting.

Make sure that users can easily sort the data by any column, and that the current sort order is clearly indicated. Provide options for ascending and descending order, and consider adding secondary sort options for more complex tables.

2. Provide filter options that reflect the data.

Provide filtering options that are relevant to the type of data being displayed, such as date ranges, categories, or numerical ranges. Make sure that the filter options are easy to find and use, and that they update the table in real time.

3. Allow for multiple filters.

Allow users to apply multiple filters at the same time, to refine their search results. Provide a clear way to remove or modify filters, and make sure that the table's pagination is updated to reflect the filtered results.


1. Use pagination for large tables.

If a table contains a large number of rows or columns, consider using pagination to divide it into smaller sections. This will improve the table's performance and make it easier to navigate.

2. Use clear navigation controls.

Provide clear navigation controls, such as page numbers or arrows, to allow users to move between pages of data. Make sure that the current page number is clearly indicated, and that the pagination controls are easily accessible.

3. Consider infinite scrolling.

Infinite scrolling is an alternative to pagination that allows users to scroll through a large data set without having to navigate between pages. However, infinite scrolling can be more difficult to implement and can cause performance issues for very large tables, so it should be used with caution.


Data tables should be designed to be accessible to all users, including those with disabilities. The following are some best practices for accessibility in data tables:

1. Use semantic markup.

Use HTML tags that convey the meaning of the data, such as for table headers and for table data. This will help screen readers and other assistive technologies understand the structure of the table.

2. Provide alternative text for images.

If you are using images in your data table, be sure to include descriptive alternative text that conveys the content of the image. This will allow users who are visually impaired to understand the information in the table.

3. Consider color contrast.

Make sure that the colors used in your data table have sufficient contrast, so that users with visual impairments can easily distinguish between different elements. Use tools such as WebAIM's Color Contrast Checker to test the contrast of your table colors.

4. Use keyboard navigation.

Ensure that users can navigate through the data table using the keyboard alone. This means making sure that all table elements can be accessed and controlled through keyboard commands.


Designing effective data tables is a complex task that requires careful consideration of many factors. By following best practices for table structure, sorting and filtering, pagination, and accessibility, you can create data tables that are easy to use and understand, and that provide users with quick and efficient access to the information they need. Whether you are designing a financial reporting tool, a project management application, or any other software application that relies on data tables, incorporating these best practices will help ensure that your tables are an asset to your users.

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